Pallor

PallorPallor is the most common sign of illness in children. If the child pallor lasts a long time, have stunted growth and skin became yellow, then you can suspect the presence of anemia (anemia). Marble pallor is a characteristic shock: pain, trauma, burns and other Anemia associated with iron deficiency is the most common form of anemia, which is caused by insufficient iron content in food. Iron deficiency anemia is often accompanied by rickets and scurvy (a disease associated with deficiency in the body, respectively, vitamins D and C). Outwardly manifested by pallor of the skin, bloodless lips, irritability, fatigue, loss of appetite, growth retardation. Often diarrhea. The nails on the fingers become spoonlike shape. The child may receive a perverted appetite. He begins to eat charcoal, chalk, earth, clay, etc. Help: the child should consult physician hematologist, who will prescribe the intake of iron salts. A child's diet should include foods high in iron: liver, meat, cheese, eggs, fruit pomegranate. A lot of iron contained in spinach, lettuce, strawberries, onions, pumpkin, watermelon. Do not replace cow's milk in goat. Anemia due to blood loss: among the causes of blood loss should be called trauma, bleeding from the nose, esophageal veins, swelling of blood vessels, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, ulcerative colitis, polyps. Bleeding in the digestive tract may occur as a result of long-term aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid). Help: need to consult the child at the doctor and to make the clinical analysis of blood, to determine the cause of blood loss. Anemia due to inadequate education hematopoietic cells: develops in the inability of bone marrow to produce precursor cells of erythrocytes in the right quantity. The causes of this disease, in addition to genetic, can be radiation, malignant degeneration of the blood forming cells of the bone marrow (leukemia), poisoning by chemicals (lead) or by certain drugs (chloramphenicol, phenylbutazone), and other Help: need to consult a physician Hematology. The hemolytic anemia due to accelerated destruction of red blood cells (erythrocytes): povysheniya fragility of erythrocytes happens when genetic diseases, as well as the appearance of antibodies to red blood cells. If disturbed liver function, described the symptoms of anemia is attached jaundice. Help: need to consult a physician Hematology. In some forms of anemia (hereditary hemolytic anemia and hereditary spherocytosis) radical treatment is removal of the spleen. From weakness and weight loss are the following recipes of folk medicine: Grate separately carrots, beets and radishes. Squeeze the juice of these roots using gauze and mix in a bottle of dark glass in equal amounts. The neck of the bottle to coat the dough, but not tightly, so that the liquid can evaporate. Take a tablespoon of this juice 3 times a day before meals for 3 months; Older children can finely crush about 100 g of raw beef fillet, add 1 teaspoon of fresh chopped onions, a little salt and spread on bread. So eat every day; There before meal 1 tablespoon garlic, cooked with honey; Infuse the leaves of the forest strawberries and this infusion is drunk with milk and sugar. Malignant tumor of the bone marrow (leukemia): this is the most common form of malignant diseases in children. Characteristic symptom of the disease is severe pallor with a waxy sheen. Early symptoms of leukemia are not specific. The child becomes listless, drowsy, irritable, bad eating. Develops pallor of the skin and mucous membranes. Approximately half of the children see the point of bleeding and bruising, increased liver and spleen. Point krovoisliania on the mucous membrane of the mouth may be the first and for some time the only sign of acute leukemia. Sometimes there is fever without concomitant signs of infectious disease. About a third of patients complain of pain in the bones and joints. Possibly swelling gums. Help: if the child is growing sluggishness in combination with unexplained fever and petechial haemorrhages in the mucous membrane of the mouth, there is an urgent need to show it to the doctor. For diagnosis may need a bone marrow biopsy,which is done in a specialized medical institution. Shock: the shock in medicine understand acute progressive disorder of the blood flow through organs and tissues. Shock occurs due to a sharp decrease in volume of circulating fluid in the blood (from injury), loss of plasma (for burns), or dehydration (repeated vomiting, diarrhea), as well as various disorders in the peripheral vascular bed (allergic or infectious-toxic shock). The beginning of the shock can be determined from the change in behaviour of the child. He becomes excited: hurry, willing to run somewhere, or, on the contrary, sluggish and indifferent to the environment. Skin buying marble pallor, mucous membranes and nails, blueness. The skin is cold. May be increased heart rate about one and a half times, or Vice versa, slow. With the further development of shock in a child develops shortness of breath, pulse quickens more than 1.5 times of the age limit, decreases blood pressure. Pallor and cyanosis increase. Increases mental retardation. Further, if the child does not help (the most effective intravenous infusion of blood solutions), it sharply decreases blood pressure, their heart stops and there comes the agony.


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